|First appearance||Kid Icarus: Of Myths and Monsters (1991)|
Pythagoras is an enemy that appears in Kid Icarus: Of Myths and Monsters. A member of the Underworld Army, Pythagoras is encountered by Pit throughout the Sky Palace and protects the area around which Orcos is fought. Pythagoras fights his enemies by throwing triangular projectiles at them while remaining still, making dealing with him quite an easy feat if not also annoying.
Pythagoras is based upon the Greek philosopher and mathematician of the same name. Though it does not appear as if his design is influenced by his historical counterpart (beyond wearing white, the only colour he was said to have worn), the triangles he throws are likely a reference to the Pythagorean Theorem attributed to Pythagoras.
Pythagoras is a stout old man whose most prominent features are his rounded nose, bushy white moustache, and white hair. He is a fairly bulky man and wears a white toga and brown sandals. Alongside Merc, Pythagoras is one of the only basic enemies in the Kid Icarus series to be human in design.
Pythagoras appears as a playable character in Jake's Super Smash Bros., marking the first time a basic Kid Icarus enemy is playable in a video game and the first time Pythagoras appeared since his debut in Of Myths and Monsters. Pythagoras' moveset is based primarily upon the achievements of the Greek philosopher on which he is based, with the enemy's basic attack from his debut appearing as his neutral special move.
- Perhaps intentionally, Pythagoras' facial features vaguely resemble those of Mario.
- Pythagoras being a member of the Underworld Army is actually a reference to his historical counterpart. The real Pythagoras was said to have travelled to the Underworld for several months in order to earn the trust of his disciples. In actuality, he merely barricaded himself in his room and had his mother keep track of the events that occurred during this time.